24. PLOT - Printing in AutoCAD 2007


As you know every program (well, almost every good ;-) may have a function (command) to print your work.

In AutoCAD to print called PLOT. So when you finish drawing you can print to the printer (plotters) or a virtual printer in the form of formats (JPG, PNG, etc..). Plotting of drawings (drafting) is carried out through a previously prepared CTB file with adjusted line thicknesses and colors.

Preparations for the PLOT-strengthening drawings are as follows:

- Made a drawing
- Installed the printer (plotter) or virtual printer

Finished drawing (or part of the drawing) can PLOT in several ways.

- from MODEL (selected view)
- from LAYOUT (selected view)

In as much plot (print) a drawing that requires you to have MOVERS in two ways.
For details, see the link component.

If you're drawing after plotting (printing) is not in color and have a plotter (printer), color settings, see the Layer for plotting. The respective settings you can adjust the thickness of the lines on the printed drawing. So look at the Plot Style Manager to customize settings for your plotter. For more details see the link line thickness for plotting in color

For the very initial print shop drawings on A4 or A3 paper or some other format securities with requirements that are listed at the beginning should be positioned in the Model or Layout (whichever you want to print)

After positioning in one of these modes it is necessary to run the command File => Page Setup Manager and in accordance with the positioning we have one of the following dialog window. The first mode is a MODEL and the second mode Layout1.

It is necessary to click the Modify button



After clicking on the Modify button .. appears you are one of the dialog window
For MODEL LAYOUT and apply the following settings need


Definition CTB file was previously installed files from the default thickness of lines and other elements in the drawing that is on paper. (this is much used in surveying). Note the other settings that are essential for the preparation poltanja on paper.

Also note that you can center the drawing when plotting and that it can move the paper axis X and Y. After installation settings, click on the PREVIEW button to see how it will look like on paper. Then click the right mouse button => Exit => OK => Close.

Now you have set the settings for printing drawings.

Printing or plotting from the mode MODEL

Take for example that we have such a figure as the figure below (the regime of a model and view the Conceptual Visual Style. isplotati and we want only part of the drawing (for example, the left tower).


We are located in operation MODEL.
Previously, we set the position paper, etc. .. Now click on a command FILE => PLOT and then in the
"Plot Area" select from drop-down menu "Window". Now we are in the foreground appeared a drawing cursor is a white cross. Select part of the drawing.


After clicking on the final selective area appears to us to Plot dialog window - Setup. Click on the PREVIEW button and you will get the appearance of drawings on paper that you have selected from.

Simply click the DTM (right-click) on the drawing and the command PLOT. Print will be drawing on paper what you see in the Preview view. Note that this procedure in the operation MODEL.

So when you have some great drawing and you want to print only part of the drawing (ZOOM art depends
what you want), then you can use this way of plotting the mode MODEL (often used in geodesy without LISP's). Here is an irrelevant criterion.  

Printing or plotting from the mode LAYOUT

If you want to print out mode LAYOUT also have two options.

The first option is:

Switch mode LAYOUT (1 or 2, etc..)

After that immediately comes up a dialog box for the PLOT-SETUP. Settings that you want to set a setting
for "Plot Area" set in Layout. When you click the Preview button will show you a blank paper, but after closing the same returns as well as the layout and you will see your drawing on paper.

Here, note that you layer the "Set Current" (currently active), ie its color. The same color will be the box art (MODEL), where you can change the zoom, position, etc. .. drawings.

So if the status toolbar, click the button PAPER MODEL or modify the activity so you will be able to
manipulate the drawing.


When you are active then you can zoom PAPER complete paper with all the boxes, and possibly additional elements that have attributes (if any beyond the drawing. eg: if you have a LISP that contains some kind of elements or components, eg: template cadastral plan in geodesy) .

When you are active MODEL then you can manipulate images within a frame containing the pattern (ie. zoom, rotate, etc. ..)

Another possibility is:

If you are not satisfied with the first possibility then you can set PAPER several views of the drawing
(Viewports). To have for example: this print drawings. Note that the complete layout is shown in
operation MODEL and the current active model (a separate box art) is a vertical thick lines thicker frame.


For such action is necessary to proceed as described in steps at this link. Here is described Insert Block for printing, but in the same way you can define multiple views on a drawing for plotting.

AutoCAD - export images in JPG image

You create a drawing in AutoCAD and want to send him a friend but as a JPG or PNG file or inserted into Word or Excel document.

Follow the steps how it works:      

1. This is our drawing.



2. On the Text menu, click File => Plot (or CTRL + P)



3. Then select the Printer / plotter "PublishToWebJPG.pc3" or PNG option.
Enable "Center the Plot"
Later we will select the paper size.
If you have no choice "PublishToWebJPG.pc3" then go to Tools => Options => Plot and Publish => and
uncheck "Hide system printers"



4. After selecting the options you will get this window (or similar)

Choose the top option for a small picture (or if you want higher resolution, then select the options
below)



5. Now let's choose the size (resolution) if desired.

I have chosen as the photo to fit me the paper word document



6. Check the "Center thr Plot" and click the OK button.

Now we have a JPG image as the below (which is inserted into Word or send as attach e-mail)     
If you do not really clearly see the link components or off-download *. avi  THIS VIDEO (8 MB)

Unpack the ZIP file and run it. In this video you can see how you can copy a component drawn from a
model in LAYOUT and also how to add viewports, as well as the transition to a layout in the fashion
MODELS IN PAPER and vice versa.

SCALE in AUTOCAD



NOTE! The Autocad drawing sizes in reality (the true value of length) and the drawing is printed at the scale of print.

I have long prepared for this part of the web AutoCAD tutorials and wondered how to explain the concept of beginner CRITERIA and work with the same in AutoCAD. I went through a lot of internet and reviewed some literature to explain but everyone in their own way and quite differently. In principle, even with some explanations (for the brevity of the text) it was difficult to explain how it works the way explained.

So I will try to find of all seen what the most affordable beginner (as I see the scale in AutoCAD). If you pass this web Autocad tutorial from the beginning of a link by link I hope that you will not be difficult to understand (but if not then I do not know ;-)

Firstly in the beginning of this web Autocad tutorials I mentioned that before the drawing is necessary to set up - set up certain units (units)


It is enough to start drawing. Furthermore, when drawing a draw with the value of units. So if you draw in
millimeters then they will also be 1 mm in drawing 1 unit, 1 cm will be 1 unit or 1 m will be 1 unit. And
while plotting to set up a measure that would stop you drawing on paper.

Add specific criteria in the drop-down menu work with the command SCALELISTEDIT Proimpt the Command Line.

SCALE in the layout

You can also use the toolbar (toolbar) viewports (pictured above) in dealing with LAYOUT-om the MODELSPACE then via a drop-down menu to choose the criteria for the best view on the paper when printing on the printer (plotter)

SCALE MODEL in mode (MODELSPACE)

Displaying art in drawing, we can zoom in and out using the mouse wheel (PAN) and the scale when working in Model-in (MODELSPACE) can be adjusted via certain commands in the Command Prompt Line. But again it all depends on the settings. If you draw in millimeters and the ratio was 1 unit of 1 mm, then these commands below apply, but if you draw in meters of the actual size of this value will then be rolled underneath.

In Mechanical Engineering are most often used the following criteria:
impairment => 1:2.5, 1:5, 1:10, etc. .. (1 unit = 1 mm)

for to enlarge => 2:1, 5:1, 10:1, etc. .. (1 unit = 1 mm)

In construction are most often used the following criteria: 1:500, 1:100, 1:50 etc.. (1 unit = 1 cm)

In geodesy are commonly used following scale: 1:1000, 1:1400, 1: 2000, 1:2500, 1:5000 (1 unit = 1
m)

For example, I will show this drawing below. The first picture is the view of the drawing of 1:1. But
if the Command Prompt Type the following command line

Command: Z [zoom ] ZOOM
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or       [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real time>: 1/1xp


If now again in the Command Line Prompt type this command

Command: Z [zoom ] ZOOM
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real time>: 1/2xp


If you are now entering the first command again, the drawing will be increased. This method of magnification (zoom) is used in geodesy (and given that I have knowledge in other fields, here I will show the scale of Geodesy, remember that the units for surveying meters)

So when PLOT drawing in geodesy have some sort of file on which the drawing is a cadastral district
and if you want a chance you ploting in operation LAYOUT => MODELSPACE shifted Occasionally wheel
(zoom) Drawing using these commands, you can return to a scale that you need.

1:500 => 2/1xp
1:1000 => 1/1xp
1:2000 => 1/2xp
1:5000 => 1/5xp

Unlike the above you still have options and I will here give only examples of the scale and you use them where you need it.

1:250 => 4/1xp
1:750 => 3/2xp
1:1500 => 2/3xp
1:2500 => 2/5xp
As a decimal number in such a way that is, determining the zoom scale does not apply here is an example of how to determine scale.

1:2,5 => 10/25xp (ie. move comma and the relationship we have figures for scale)

If you use the Viewports toolbar and then it can eg write 1:5 => 0.2

The text above the little I have explained how it can scale to look at drawing in Model-in.

FORMAT PAPERS:
- A0 => 841 x 1189
- A1 => 594 x 841
- A2 => 420 x 594
- A3 => 297 x 420
- A4 => 210 x 297

EXAMPLE:
Here are the reasons why it is important to determine the measure before printing.

Take for example that we should draw some object width of 10 mm and height 15 mm. Given that the case
we run it we need to increase the paper when printing on A4 (210x297) and thereby use the component. Component of our standard and its useful area is the horizontal (width) 184 mm and vertically ("height") 285 mm (if you work hard component as the previous link above. (you must take into account if a component has a table at the bottom of it and it included into useful space, ie. reject) what I in this example because I never had the need for the size of the drawing.



First, we define a measure for the width (see formula for the measure above). Useful space the width is 184 mm, and our drawing is in reality a wide 10 mm
Then we define a measure for the "height". A useful space under the "height" is 285 mm, and our drawing
is in reality a height of 15 mm
So we got these two results (scale) that can be used. Of course we will take what scale that is smaller (to fit the width of the drawing). Here we should note that we take a scale that has a whole number and not decimal. So the next smaller scale of 18.4 => 10's

In this case our measure looks like 10:1, and when printed on paper drawing will be increased 10 times.

So the layout of the switch in MODELSPACE mode with pull-down menus to select the scale.